Electrical design primarily includes planning, modelling, simulating, drawing installation procedures, and testing of electrical system. It includes power systems, power distribution, lighting, fire protection system, earthing system, lightning protection system, life safety systems, ELV systems, along with voice and data communications infrastructure. The electrical system design solves challenges to ensure that the designed systems are economical, safe, and reliable taking care of operational and contingency measures.
We have all heard the phrase “less is more,” and that is also correct in the design world if one correctly understands the requirement and then designs. Using too many design elements, attempting to integrate too many ideas, or simply trying to do too many things can result in over designing your project.
Out of uncertainty and ignorance over-design is opted, to feel safe and have reliable systems. However, increase in element criteria does not guarantee a safe design. Exceeding requirements does not sound bad, but it makes system non-responsive due to excessive tolerance in design.
A cluttered design brings other threats with it like:
- Losing functionality and simplicity
- Mismanaging engineering time
- Increasing cost
- Reducing commercial viability
- Instability during system upgradation in future
So, the question is how can this be avoided? Some recommendations are given below
- Ensure clear understanding of electrical environment opted
- Ensure appropriate safety measures are considered having accurate response systems
- Ensure appropriate standards are followed for specific design needs
Suppose C is our goal. To reach C from A we have two paths – A to C directly or A to B & B to C . Here A to C is optimized design while A to B & B to C is over design.
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